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  • Improvement of engineering and environmental surveys in the survey of radon pollution

    The article is devoted to improving the processing of radon flux density measurement data using mathematical processing. The article considers the influence of construction works on the radon flux density (RDP) indicators. for the purpose of the study, real measurements were taken at a mining and processing plant in the volgograd region. The article presents the construction of histograms and frequency polygons for measurements performed at different stages, as well as graphs of the empirical distribution function of a random variable. They clearly showed the impact of construction, the hypothesis of the influence of clay soils on the radon output from the soil was confirmed, namely, it was proved that the permeability of the near-surface layer of soil is one of the key factors determining the spatial PPR within homogeneous areas, that is, the permeability of near-surface deposits is one of the leading factors determining the distribution of PPR. analysis of the obtained results allows us to conclude that there is a correlation between the calculated data obtained and the data obtained at the measurement input, i.e. relationship of two or more random variables.

    Keywords: radon, pollution, ionizing radiation, engineering surveys, random variable, histogram and frequency polygon, empirical distribution

  • Influence of highways on the urban environment and ways to reduce it

    The influence of road transport on the formation of noise along highways is considered. The proposed options for protecting against noise from the roads.

    Keywords: linear city, noise, vehicles, main roads, road categories, noise control

  • On determination of aerodynamic parameters of drying dispersed waste materials in a filter-fluidized bed apparatus

    he article is devoted to the question of selection of aerodynamic parameters of drying in the apparatus of the filtered-fluidized bed of dispersed particles – carbon-black containing wastes materials and granules of sodium salts in solution of modeling problems. The design of the studied gas pressure distribution grid fluidized bed of dispersed materials of the tray kind provides the possibility to efficiently fulfill the drying process at relatively low speeds of the drying agent. It is allowed to reduce the removal of particles of material from the bed and its exhaust into the atmosphere. The average flow rate of gas motion and the number of fluidization for the main stages of the filtered-fluidized bed of the studied materials and aerodynamic parameters (drop pressure losses) are determined. It was found the fluidization number in the range 1.25-1.5 and the bed height was about 0.25 m. The total aerodynamic drop pressure losses of the dispersed materials’ bed and had acceptable meanings within range from 90 to 130 kg / m2. For the recommended range the coefficient was equal 30-45. Data were obtained on the phases of fluidization, the values of the aerodynamic parameters of drying, and the areas of operating conditions that provide a fairly uniform circulation of the material in the layer and reliable operation of the apparatus.

    Keywords: modeling, drying, waste, dispersed material, fluidization, bed, velocity, aerodynamics, pollution, atmosphere

  • Analysis of the effects of dust on human health and the environment

    The substances released during the operation of automobiles are a mixture of products of complete and incomplete combustion of fuel. They contain several gaseous substances that are toxic and are dangerous to human life and its environment. Preventing and reducing dust effects are essential to protect human health.

    Keywords: Dust, environment, gas, transport, city, canerogen, atmospheric air, source, emissions, protection, enterprise

  • Territorial radon security

    Radon is universally present in the atmosphere and is the most important natural source of radiation. The highest radon doses relate to staying in buildings. However, the damage from radiation exposure to radon is associated with the progression of lung cancer and the premature death from this disease of people exposed to radiation. The application of the principle of optimization of radiation protection in a radon exposure situation is complicated by the fact that a number of tasks remain ignored.

    Keywords: Radon, territory, gas, radiation, emitting, dose, volumetric activity, source, site, protection, premises