The analysis of the functional purpose of high-rise buildings in Russia and abroad is presented. The dynamics of the growth of construction of ultra-tall buildings for the period 2000-2020 is considered. The trend towards the use of composite materials in the construction of ultra-high buildings is revealed. The dynamics of growth of construction of high-rise buildings in Russia is considered. Revealed changes in the functional purpose of high-rise buildings in Russia on the example of the tallest buildings in the Russian Federation. Changes in the use of construction technologies and materials in the construction of high-rise buildings and their impact on the quality of buildings under construction are presented.
Keywords: high-rise buildings, construction, building materials
The article analyzes the practical experience of regenerating the unique industrial environment of the industrial territories of large cities in Russia and Europe. The main methods of regeneration of a unique industrial environment are considered, depending on the degree of preservation of industrial function.
Keywords: regeneration, unique industrial environment, urban environment, industrial heritage, development of territories
The article discusses the concept of green building, its basic principles, assessment methods. The technologies used in green building are presented. The technologies for collecting rainwater, using solar energy and improving energy efficiency through the use of recuperators, their types and principles of operation, applicable to homes for the disabled and the elderly are considered.
Keywords: green building, construction, eco-friendly construction, green technologies, energy efficiency, ecological environment
Recently, the issues of improving the environmental situation in the urban environment have become more relevant than ever. "Green architecture" gets popularity not only in Russia but over the world as well. The necessity of this type of architecture causes the need to improve air quality and environmental factors of urban conditions. Most often, greening the roof of a building or greening the facades is used for ecologization, so-called the element of wall greening and also greening of vertical surfaces of buildings (phyto facade).
Keywords: green architecture, vertical greening, green wall, waving plants, green screens, phyto facades
One of the main socioeconomic issue in the Rostov region is the development of residential complex building. Most of the Russian inhabitants' interests are affected by the residential complex building and this building is one of the most important sectors of economic activity in our country.
Keywords: complex building, building, Rostov region, analysis
With information modeling of buildings, the time and money spent on creating a building project is significantly minimized, and it also becomes possible to make changes to the project, reducing the likelihood of a designer making a mistake. However, building information models have a number of disadvantages expressed at each stage of the object's life cycle. In this article, the main stages of the life cycle of a building were highlighted, according to regulatory documents. The drawbacks of using information models at each stage are highlighted and their influence on the work in the information modeling environment is considered. Ways to minimize these shortcomings, taking into account the prevalence of BIM-models of the building at the present time, are proposed. The general problems of transition from the classical design method to information models are highlighted.
Keywords: Infromation model, BIM, lifecycle of building, building, projecting
Rostov-on-Don is one of the largest cities in Russia, it is planned to renovate the territory of the old airport, which in turn can stimulate an increase in the load on the city's transport system. In this regard, the issue of proportional development of the city's transport infrastructure is becoming especially relevant. The solution to the problem can be the modernization of the current and the creation of a conceptually new transport and logistics structure aimed at using passenger transport. This issue is considered within the framework of the concept of sustainable development of the city.
Keywords: transport infrastructure, renovation, the old airport of Rostov-on-Don, urban passenger transport, sustainable development
The use of renewable energy sources is an integral part of ensuring the engineering safety of buildings and structures. The article provides a brief study of the sources of electrical energy generated by the energy of rivers, dams and thermal energy of the Earth in Iraq, examines the most important rivers in Iraq and their storage in order to maintain a clean environment and simultaneously generate electricity. The results of Iraq's hydropower analysis revealed the need to build dams on the Tigris and Euphrates rivers for water storage and energy production to maintain environmental cleanliness. The study details the benefits of building dams for many purposes, including irrigation of agricultural land, prevention of natural disasters and conservation of the environment.
Keywords: renewable energy sources, eco-energy, hydroelectric power, construction, organizational and technological support
Currently, the world community is facing the problem of a large increase in various types of garbage. The solution to the problem can be the disposal of solid municipal waste in order to obtain heat and electricity. This issue is considered in the field of ecological construction.
Keywords: recycling, solid, municipal, waste, generation, energy
In the modern world, the question of using alternative energy sources is very acute, since mineral reserves can run out and the environmental damage from their use and processing is much greater than from renewable energy sources. Therefore, in the modern world, the use of renewable energy is gaining momentum.
Keywords: renewable energy sources, ecoenergy
The article discusses the regulatory framework for the construction of houses for the disabled and the elderly. The main types of documents that are the main component of the regulatory framework are given. Excerpts and the main provisions of the current regulations on the presentation of requirements for sites, space-planning decisions, engineering equipment and adaptation of the environment for the elderly and disabled are considered. The compliance of the requirements with modern standards is analyzed.
Keywords: regulatory framework, construction, construction rules, homes for the elderly and disabled, codes of practice, adaptation of the environment
The issue of renovation and prospects for the integrated development of the territory of the old airport in the city of Rostov-on-Don, the possibility of locating objects with various functional purposes, determining the direction of the new use of the territory are considered. Prerequisites are being formed for the creation of a large new multifunctional Eastern planning district of the city with the formation of a social, business, commercial, residential, recreational, and innovative zones for the full activity of the population. Environmental observations and data analysis are carried out to forecast development prospects and improve the level of comfort for people living in this area. Ways of purifying the atmospheric air and measures to improve the state of the urban environment are considered. Summarizing of the development of effective use, expediency and profitability of renovation of the territories of the old airport of Rostov-on-Don.
Keywords: transformation, renovation, territory, development, project implementation, economic feasibility, environmental situation
Within the concept of sustainable development, special attention is paid to the environment. Of course, the key goal of sustainable development in the field of ecology is the stability of ecological and physical systems. Eliminating the needs of the environmental plan will lead to environmental degradation and jeopardize human interaction with nature. With sustainable development, many industries are changing. One of these industries is energy, the vector of which is changing in the direction of sustainable development of energy saving. Due to the high level of energy intensity of many sectors of the economy, there are problems of improving energy efficiency. It requires changes in the energy sector, such as the introduction of alternative energy sources. As an example, it is necessary to refer to the successful experience of implementation in European countries such as Germany and the United Kingdom. The experience of these countries shows that state support and private investment have a positive impact on the development of the industry, increasing the share of renewable energy in the country's energy structure. Projects are also being set up to promote alternative energy, such as the centre for renewable energy and sustainable technologies in Northern Ireland. Due to the relevance of the European experience, it is proposed to build a similar center in the Rostov region, taking into account local specifics.
Keywords: energy efficiency, renewable energy, energy resources, sustainable development, alternative energy, solar energy
The article provides information on the use of the geoinformation database of commercial real estate in the city of Rostov-on-Don. The database is designed to store information about commercial real estate with the aim of effectively managing the technical condition of the facilities. The prerequisites for creating a geographic information database was the need to manage the technical condition of commercial real estate of large companies on the basis of an outsourced agreement. The reference-geographic information system of commercial objects can be used for effective management, data processing and optimization of applications.
Keywords: geographic information systems; commercial real estate; technical exploitation; energy efficiency
Evaluation of the effectiveness of ""green"" buildings is usually carried out by a third party using a rating system. The rating system STO NOSTROY 2.35.4–2011 assesses habitat sustainability according to 46 criteria, which are grouped into 10 categories, presented in Table 1. STO NOSTROY 2.35.4–2011. The article presents the methodology developed on the basis of the above-mentioned rating system, as well as the foreign LEED system, and the S-factor for the designed 16-storey residential building is calculated. The calculation for clarity is presented in the form of a diagram. Since the design we strive to get as close as possible to the highest grade of assessment, the most attention is paid to such concepts as energy saving and energy efficiency. Calculation of economic efficiency is possible on the basis of the resource-technological model by calculating the volume of waste during the overhaul and demolition of the designed building. This is a necessary task, since the construction of environmentally-friendly, sustainable buildings requires full consideration of the life cycle of the building, and accounting for the entire life cycle necessitates integrated design. The time spent at an early stage on the complex design of the building, taking into account the concept of sustainable development, is rather quickly compensated with the start of building operation, since it is known that the largest share of costs falls on the operational period of the building. So, as a result of calculating the S-factor, the building is assigned a certain grade of assessment. Raising the grade of an assessment of a building being erected will lead to an increase in its investment attractiveness. That is why it is important to perform a similar calculation at the design stage of the life cycle of the construction object, since in this case we have the opportunity to increase the value of the S-factor to the required.
Keywords: energy efficiency, energy resources, sustainable development, green building, green building standards, stages of the life cycle of buildings