"This article discusses the process of salt formation in the development of oil fields. The relationship of the hydrogeological environment with oil deposits, as well as the influence of hydrogeological conditions on them. The influence of the hydrogeological properties of oil fields, which affect the formation of salts directly during the development of an oil field, is considered. The article presents the problems of the formation of salt deposits, the main salts that are most often found by industrial oil workers in the development of oil fields.Oil companies are constantly spending tremendous amounts of money on salt deposits. Modern industrial oil companies use mechanical, chemical methods of salt control and use inhibitors to prevent their formation. Using these methods is effective, but quite costly. In order to prevent the occurrence of salts, a cheaper method is modeling. And also such a method can prepare specialists in advance for a future problem with deposits. From what it can become clear which funds should be involved in the fight against these deposits"
Keywords: shelf, salt deposition, oil field, nucleation, temperature, pressure, solubility, oil, natural gas, produced water
High-tech software has firmly entered the work of the design and construction complex of Russia, which allows you to create a single digital information model of the object. Awareness of the importance of using BIM - technologies to overcome the problems of their implementation is a paramount task today. The presented analysis of the situation at micro-enterprises, small, medium and large enterprises of the design and construction industry of the city of Tyumen and the Tyumen region allows us to pay attention to the pressing problems of implementing BIM-technologies today. BIM - technologies are innovative in the construction business, and we are very enthusiastic about them, considering that they are the future of the design and construction industry.
Keywords: awareness of the importavce of using BIM - technologies, a single digital information model of the object, the life cycle of an object, software products, software subscription, process management