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  • Reviews, suggestions and discussions

  • Technical science. Informatics, computer facilities and management

  • Simulation of the design activity diversification of innovative enterprise

    Image super-resolution is a popular task that aims to translate images from low resolution to high resolution. For this task, convolutional networks are often used. Convolutional neural networks, have a great advantage in image processing. But despite this, often information can be lost during processing and increasing the depth and width of the network can make further work difficult. To solve this problem, data transformation into frequency domain is used. In this paper, the image is divided into high frequency and low frequency regions, where higher priority is given to the former. Then with the help of quality check, and visual evaluation, the method is analyzed and the conclusion regarding the performance of the algorithm is drawn.trial enterprise.

    Keywords: super-resolution (SR), low-resolution (LR), high-resolution (HR), discrete-cosine transform, convolution-neural networks

  • On development of an electronic notification system for students in an educational institution

    The article describes the prerequisites for creating an electronic notification system for students in an educational institution. A use case diagram is provided that describes interaction with the system from the point of view of the user-employee of the educational department and the user-student. A diagram of the physical database model is presented and a description of the purpose of the tables is given. The system uses two types of client applications: an administrative client for organizing the work of educational department employees and a Telegram bot for working on the students’ side. A scheme for working with user data when processing chatbot commands is defined in the IDEF0 notation. The choice of the interlocutor program as a communication tool was made based on the popularity of this technology. The administrative client is implemented in C# using Windows Forms technology, the chatbot is implemented in Python using the “schedule” time planning library, “time” working with time and “threading” multi-threading support.

    Keywords: chat bot, Telegram bot, messenger, message, mobile device, information system, database, computer program, application

  • Technical science. Building and architecture

  • The use of carbon fiber-based FRP systems to strengthen reinforced concrete structures of buildings and structures

    The article provides an analysis of the state of the rationing issue in terms of performing the calculation justification and design of reinforcement of reinforced concrete structures using external reinforcement systems based on carbon fibers. The normative documents of the Russian Federation and foreign ones are considered, the analysis of the use of external reinforcement based on composite materials for structures of various types of work is carried out, the disadvantages of existing calculation and design methods are highlighted. In conclusion, recommendations are given on the appropriate improvement of calculation and design methods.

    Keywords: external reinforcement, carbon fiber, reinforcement, restoration

  • Evaluation of load-bearing capacity design of baskets for conditioners: analysis of results and tests

    The article presents the results of the laboratory test and finite element modeling of the facade basket design for the outdoor unit of the split system. A comparative analysis of the obtained data is performed. During the modeling, the main possible design situations were taken into account and the perilous zones were determined, in which destruction is expected. To confirm the obtained design values, a full-scale test was carried out, in which wind pressure was modeled using two horizontally applied loads. Based on the test results, it was determined that the modeling method used corresponds to reality, and the nature of destruction and maximum permissible loads were also established. Based on this, a conclusion was made about the suitability of using the facade basket design option considered in the article for the specified operating conditions.

    Keywords: finite element model, testing, load-bearing capacity, reliability, deformability, air conditioner basket, bracket, destruction

  • Methods of combinatorial search modeling to achieve sustainability indicators in the architecture of multifunctional residential complexes

    The architecture of multifunctional residential complexes (MFRC) is considered in the aspect of “resistance” to external factors and influences. There are four levels of formation of the MFRK: the level of urban planning structure; level of volumetric-spatial organization; level of functional and architectural planning structure; the level of compositional organization and search for the expressive appearance of the MFRK. At each of the identified levels, the “target” indicators of “sustainable architecture” are achieved. The process of forming the MFRC is considered as a sequence of combinatorial search stages and procedures based on modeling the geometric parameters of the visual model of the MFRC in order to get as close as possible to the “stability indicator”. Four methods of combinatorial search modeling are proposed: the method of “overlaying” planning frames; method of “tracing” the formative contour; method of “collaging” functional planning elements; a method of combining “regular grids” in the public, business and residential parts of the MFRK. To intensify combinatorial search procedures, it is proposed to use digital design technologies.

    Keywords: university complex, transit urban spaces, scenario approach, functional-thematic zones, architectural and environmental modules

  • On the issue of inspection of consoles of precast reinforced concrete columns in case of manufacturing errors

    The paper presents the results of the survey of consoles of precast reinforced concrete columns of an industrial building under construction. The consequences arising from errors during the manufacture of columns, as well as the method of calculating the console are described. The survey was carried out in order to detect the position of the reinforcement in the consoles of reinforced concrete columns. When performing a survey of the technical condition, the following tasks were set: to determine the actual condition of the supporting structures, their mating nodes at the time of the survey, to establish the actual reinforcement of the structures, to give recommendations for the restoration (strengthening) of the bearing capacity of the column consoles.

    Keywords: inspection, load-bearing capacity, concrete, column, reinforcement, strengthening

  • On the issue of surveying monolithic reinforced concrete foundations of machines with dynamic loads from increasing vibration levels of equipment

    The paper presents the results of the survey of the reinforced concrete monolithic foundation of a ball mill with central unloading. The consequences of errors made during the construction of the foundation of machines with dynamic loads, as well as the foundation monitoring methodology, are described. The survey was carried out due to an increase in the vibration level of the equipment installed on the foundation and the detection of foundation defects in the form of cracks and chips in concrete. When performing the technical condition survey, the following tasks were set: to determine the actual condition of the supporting structure at the time of the survey, to establish the physical and mechanical characteristics of the materials of the structure, to indicate the characteristics and dimensions of damage sufficient to determine the volume of repair and restoration work, to develop recommendations for further safe operation of the structure.

    Keywords: inspection, bearing capacity, foundation, dynamic load, concrete, reinforcement, strengthening

  • Modern requirements for the modernization of university campuses

    Modernization of university campuses in the context of the development of domestic higher education and science to increase the technological sovereignty of the country is one of the pressing problems of modern domestic architecture. The article examines the main factors that determine the need to modernize existing university campuses and influence its capabilities and tools. Based on the analysis of these factors, the main modern requirements for campus modernization are formulated.

    Keywords: modernization, university campus, modernization factors, modernization requirements

  • Reports on current research

  • Development of a coating that protects against electromagnetic waves

    The article discusses the process of applying a radio-absorbing coating to the surface of plastic. Vacuum plasma methods make it possible to effectively apply thin films to various surfaces. The main parameters affecting the quality and effectiveness of the properties of the applied coatings are considered.The result of the studied coatings obtained by the vacuum-plasma method showed that a sample coated with aluminum nitride, the transmission coefficient through which has not changed compared to the case of free space, is not shielding, and a sample coated with titanium metal, introducing additional attenuation of the order of 5 dB indicates the presence of absorption.

    Keywords: electromagnetic radiation, thin films, application technology, radio-absorbing coating, radiation protection, magnetron.

  • The use of artificial intelligence methods for analyzing and filtering text content

    One of the main conditions for ensuring information security is to prevent the spread of false and intentionally distorted information. Filtering the content of Internet information resources can serve as a solution to this problem. Recently, an approach using methods and mathematical models of artificial intelligence has been increasingly considered for the analysis and classification of disseminated data. The use of neural networks allows you to automate the process of processing a large array of information and connect a person only at the decision-making stage. The paper focuses on the learning process of a neural network. Various learning algorithms are considered: stochastic gradient descent, Adagrad, RMSProp, Adam, Adama and Nadam. The results of the implementation of text subject recognition using a recurrent neural network of the LSTM model are presented. The results of computational experiments are presented, an analysis is carried out and conclusions are drawn.

    Keywords: information security, text analysis, artificial intelligence method, artificial neural network, recurrent LSTM network