No major construction project is implemented without the involvement of contractors who perform significant work in the field of geodesy, design, equipment manufacturing, construction, control and commissioning of the object. In the conditions of market economy the existence of risk is inevitable for all participants in the construction project. Risks are one of the most serious problems of the customer, who needs to keep the limit of the estimated cost of a construction project unchanged. If negative external risks cannot be regulated, internal risks can be minimized or eliminated. Analysis of the experience of customers in the oil and gas industry of the Tyumen region draws attention to the relevance of the problem today. The article presents technical, financial, and organizational risks as the most common, and identifies ways to manage them.
Keywords: the customer's and contractor's responsibilities, risk insurance, reserve funds
In the modern world, the issue of the ratio of the quality of construction technologies at oil production facilities and prices for various types of services associated with this activity is very relevant in the oil and gas sector. In this sector, there is constant competition between companies in search of the most efficient, cost-effective and innovative project. Design and survey work is a very important part of any project. Determining the cost of design and survey work is an important stage in the organization of the construction process. The contracting of design organizations takes place in a market economy, taking into account the expected quality of work, and also represents a labor-intensive process that cannot be implemented without the development of internal concepts among companies. The article will review the existing successful concepts for determining the cost of design and survey work that are used today. Also, the use of modern technologies at the stage of design and survey work can not only improve the quality of work, but also solve the cost issue.
Keywords: oil and gas industry, design and survey work, general designer, contracting, new concepts, cost, quality, new technologies
The analysis is made of the use of expanded clay gravel in cement-sand mortar in order to reduce ice at the boundary between the pile and the mortar. The application of expanded clay concrete in block-modular buildings is considered. Lightweight design and reduced heatloss are proven.
Keywords: diversification of management, production diversification, financial and economic purposes of a diversification, technological purposes of ensuring flexibility of production
High-tech software has firmly entered the work of the design and construction complex of Russia, which allows you to create a single digital information model of the object. Awareness of the importance of using BIM - technologies to overcome the problems of their implementation is a paramount task today. The presented analysis of the situation at micro-enterprises, small, medium and large enterprises of the design and construction industry of the city of Tyumen and the Tyumen region allows us to pay attention to the pressing problems of implementing BIM-technologies today. BIM - technologies are innovative in the construction business, and we are very enthusiastic about them, considering that they are the future of the design and construction industry.
Keywords: awareness of the importavce of using BIM - technologies, a single digital information model of the object, the life cycle of an object, software products, software subscription, process management
An overview of the actual problems the question of environmental or "green" building in Russia and the CIS countries. The study identified several key issues. The range of ways to solve them proposed on the basis of existing systems of environmental certification (assessment) to develop a system of assessment of the CIS countries. The list of evaluation criteria given in this article is not exhaustive and may be amended by agreement of the CIS member States.
Keywords: green building, green building, green buildings, CIS States, evaluation criteria, certification, environmental efficiency, greening, environmental management, environmental safety, environmental protection
The article is devoted to the question of the effectiveness of separate foundations. In particular, a specific version of the foundation with a modified geometry is considered - steps down. The foundation with a stepped sole has a greater bearing capacity and stability, as well as its device requires less labor, which makes it more efficient, analogs with a flat sole.
Keywords: foundation, construction, modified geometry, non-planar sole, soil mechanics, construction efficiency, earthworks, critical pressure
Permits is one of the factors influencing investment attractiveness of the project. The article presents problems as well as significant differences in the procedure of obtaining building permits in various regions of the Russian Federation. Displayed certain investments and time needed for a permit. In the study "Doing business" presents a comparative analysis of regulations of business activities. Graphically shows the ranking of cities, as well as the Russian Federation itself in terms of ease of obtaining construction permits. Shown to work to reduce the time and cost of administrative procedures in construction in Russia and its regions. The proposed methods simplify procedures for obtaining permits, as well as mechanisms for optimizing processes in the field of construction.
Keywords: permits, administrative barriers, capital construction, investment climate, simplification of procedures, capital costs, costs, and process optimization
This article discusses the possibility of using liquid ceramic insulation on oil production facilities, the urgency of innovation and application of new technologies in companies producing oil. Considered positive qualities of the material and to obtain additional benefits when used. Also in this material are considered distinctive liquid ceramic insulation and traditional insulation. Describes basic material properties and composition. Presents the basic buildings in the construction of which it is expedient to use this type of insulation coatings. A comparative analysis of the cost of the use of this type of insulation. Analysis showed that its use reduces the cost of these types of operations twice. The analysis concluded that by applying a liquid-ceramic coating may substantially reduce the cost of this type of work, as well as improving the quality and reducing the duration of work, as well as decrease the cost of delivering materials.
Keywords: liquid ceramic insulation, innovation, oil production facilities, insulation, oil pipeline, protective coating, saving, insulation coating, field construction
The article presents the problems of development and examination of design and estimate documentation on sharaine career of sand in areas with permafrost for development of oil and gas fields. Typical errors in design and estimate documentation, such as understatement of loss of sand, the poor quality of engineering-geological surveys and laboratory tests of core samples from drilled wells for humidity. Describes the effects of errors on the overpayment of tax on extraction of common mineral resources. Describes the technology and organization of production of dry sand in quarries in areas with permafrost, the drying of sand using solar radiation. As a result the conclusion is made about necessity of development of normative-technical documentation for the development of dry sand quarries in areas with permafrost, the methods of calculation and accrual of the tax on extraction of common mineral resources; opportunities for training in institutions of higher education of bachelors in the quarrying of sand and engineering training facilities.
Keywords: wachna the permafrost, the perennial permafrost zone, the expertise of design and estimate documentation, development of normative-technical documentation, bachelor of quarrying of sand, construction of oil and gas field
The article presents the analysis results for aerated concrete production in the Tyumen region, are considered the distinctive advantages of aerated concrete, as well as significant drawbacks. The basic effects of water absorption of aerated concrete. Describes the process of saturation with moisture of aerated concrete in the construction of buildings, as well as the formation of cracks in the walls in the operation of buildings and constructions, which used the aerated concrete as wall cladding designs. As a result it is concluded that to avoid the effects of moisture (hygroscopicity) on the aerated concrete is possible, by performing additional activities, reducing the time of construction, the proper organization of works at the construction site and compliance with sequence of works.
Keywords: concrete, water absorption, cladding wall design, production technology works, the organization of work, the sequence of execution of works