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  • Models of the analysis of word formation in modern English

    The goal of the paper is to consider the major ways of word formation in the modern English language and to analyse some of the word-building models, which have emerged relatively recently. As the material for the paper we have collected modern cognitive-semantic studies, Russian and foreign research works devoted to brand new words in English, lexical data from native speakers and the authors’ observation as well as the notes made during the visits of Great Britain in 2010-2020.

    Keywords: word-building, word-building models, word formation, modern English, lexical item, lexical unit, tendency, neologism, etymology, modern English-speaking community

  • Typology model of language policy

    The relevance of this study is associated with the fact that issues of effective language policy and language planning are an integral part of national policy for any multicultural community. In the framework of this work, the authors attempted to present a multidimensional model of the typology of language policy, with the emphasis on political foundations that determine the goals of language policy and planning. The idea of ​​maintaining the official status of the language and its optional coincidence with the real status seems to us relevant for understanding the essence of language policy. The authors believe that the main object of language policy, regardless of how ideological slogans sound, is not so much the language itself as the groups of its actual and potential speakers. Language planning decisions determine the nature of power relations between different ethnic groups within the same multicultural community. Although today there is no universal ideally structured model of language policy, the practical value of the multidimensional model of language policy proposed by the authors is that it allows you to take into account which political goals, whose interests and values ​​underlie the planning and implementation of the principles of language planning.

    Keywords: language policy, language planning, typological features, language corpus, language status, normalization, codification, nationalization, language policy guides, modernization, purification