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  • Numerical simulation of the dynamics of a pre-modulated electron beam in the drift space of a transit klystron

    It is indicated in the article that the study of the electron bunching process in the drift space of a transit klystron is an urgent task that allows one to establish general laws applicable to more complex models. In this connection, the behavior of the pre-modulated electron beam in the drift space of the transit klystron has been investigated. A numerical model has been implemented that takes into account the effect of space charge fields and the interaction of charged particles with elements of an electrodynamic system. A series of numerical experiments with different values ​​of the current and initial velocities of electrons, as well as their comparison with theoretical data, have been carried out. As a result of numerical experiments, data were obtained that characterize the dynamics of the electron flux in the drift space of the transit klystron at different values ​​of the initial velocity (0.5 s, 0.9 s) and cathode current (10 mA, 1A, 10A).

    Keywords: flyby klystron, mathematical model, numerical simulation, large particle method, particle-particle method, drift space, convection current distribution, electron flow, multithreaded calculations, system of differential equations

  • Modeling biological structures using electrical equivalent equivalent circuits

    The article discusses several equivalent circuits constructed by sequentially connecting circuits for the membrane and protoplasm. The solution was made using the Cardano formula for cubic equations. The roots in the expression for the determination of resonant frequencies determined the resonant frequencies for the given parameters for the membrane and intercellular fluid; to obtain numerical values, values ​​were used within several permissible limits. In the course of the calculations, it was confirmed that most resonant frequencies are in the millimeter and submillimeter ranges. It is also shown that the cell vibration frequencies occupy the decimeter, centimeter, millimeter and submillimeter wavelengths. Obviously, it is the impact on biological systems of electromagnetic radiation in the indicated wavelength ranges that will be most effective and can lead to a maximum biological response (effect).

    Keywords: equivalent equivalent circuit, biological structure, membrane, oscillatory circuit, Cardano formula, protoplasm, resonant frequencies, electrical processes, equivalent equivalent circuit, electromagnetic radiation

  • Analysis of the management model structure hematopoietic functional system of the body

    The article presents a detailed analysis of the structure of the model of management of the hematopoietic functional system of the body in various physiological situations, which activates the activity of a certain adaptive circuit that characterizes the functional state. The first state and adaptation to the contour of the functional hematopoietic system of the body included in the work are considered in detail. The structural equation of adaptation of the first contour is made. It is concluded that the equation of adaptation compiled for a hypothetical control model adaptation, in the actual state of Affairs raises a number of inconsistencies with the hypothetical implementation-related deviations from the ideal parameters of functioning: autonomic nervous system, internal environment, metabolic state, the processes of transmitting the control actions. All these deviations affect the observed realization of the set of blood form elements (RSBE).

    Keywords: physiological model of functional hematopoietic system, the adaptive circuit, the space of external influences, categorical diagram, adaptation processes, gemondo-nuclear level, functino mapping, homomorphic mapping, the equation of adaptation

  • Analysis of the categorical diagram of the adaptation contour of the bioinstrumental information-measuring system

    The article analyzes the adaptation contour, which is an integral level of management of the body's hematopoietic system, aimed at optimal maintenance of the body's metabolism as a whole. It is indicated that for complex measurement problems it is advisable to use the principles of constructing measuring systems, formulated in terms of system functions using the fractal-categorical approach. It is concluded that the functorial and category maps make the analysis of the hematopoiesis process more complete and visual, and the possibility of further decomposition allows the researcher to carry out more detailed research, visually displays the processes of adaptation of the organism under external influences and naturally contributes to the construction of automated measuring systems for which the adaptive The contour is a model of the bioconverter of information on the processes of hematopoiesis included in composition of bioinstrumental measuring system

    Keywords: structural and analytical method, information-measuring system, information flows, hematopoietic system, category diagram, functors, adaptation contour, bioinstrumental information-measuring system, control signal, measurements