The article is devoted to the importance and relevance of the development of underground space, today in large cities there is an acute shortage of areas free from development, as well as the high traffic congestion with personal cars, these and many other problems can be solved through the integrated development of underground space. The classification of underground structures is given. The organizational and technical problems of construction below the zero cycle are indicated. Examples of competent use of underground space in the world are considered. Benefits of construction below zero cycle are also noted. The objects, the construction of which is promising underground, are described. Attention is drawn to the climatic and anthropogenic factors taken into account during construction. In conclusion, the measures that need to be taken for the development of the underground space of our cities are considered.
Keywords: development of underground space urban studies, organization of construction of underground structures, urban space, cramped urban development, organizational and technical problems
The article presents an analysis of project management in terms of the construction industry. The specific features of the management of production activities of construction enterprises have been studied and the effectiveness of this management has been determined. The main problems in the field of project management of construction activities are identified, the main of which is the absence in Russian legislation of a single normative act regulating the development and implementation of a project only in the construction sector. The project management methodology was also considered, using the example of the American methods PMBOK and PRINCE2. The authors analyzed the statistical data of domestic companies involved in the development and management of projects in various industries. The results of the study showed that Russian construction companies are not actively involved in project management compared to organizations in other areas of activity.
Keywords: project management, construction companies, project management methodology, production activities, legislation, monitoring
The article is devoted about the importance and urgency of the problem of reconstruction of healthcare facilities, since hospitals, like other forms of ownership, accumulate moral and physical deterioration and need periodic repairs or full-scale reconstruction. In our country, it is not uncommon for a hospital to be a dilapidated building whose service life is coming to an end. That is why in our days the issue of full-scale reconstruction of healthcare facilities is so acute. The Ministry of Health of the Russian Federation has developed a number of measures, thanks to which, according to Rosstat, more than 10 thousand hospitals will be repaired by 2024. The authors of the article make a comprehensive assessment of maternity hospitals in Rostov-on-Don, show their layout and fertility chart. The following is an example of the reconstruction of the observational building of the MBUZ. In the conclusion, the results are summed up and the measures that need to be taken for the comfortable stay of people in the hospitals of our country are determined.
Keywords: reconstruction, healthcare, operation, buildings of medical institutions
The use of renewable energy sources is an integral part of ensuring the engineering safety of buildings and structures. The article provides a brief study of the sources of electrical energy generated by the energy of rivers, dams and thermal energy of the Earth in Iraq, examines the most important rivers in Iraq and their storage in order to maintain a clean environment and simultaneously generate electricity. The results of Iraq's hydropower analysis revealed the need to build dams on the Tigris and Euphrates rivers for water storage and energy production to maintain environmental cleanliness. The study details the benefits of building dams for many purposes, including irrigation of agricultural land, prevention of natural disasters and conservation of the environment.
Keywords: renewable energy sources, eco-energy, hydroelectric power, construction, organizational and technological support
The article provides information on the use of the geoinformation database of commercial real estate in the city of Rostov-on-Don. The database is designed to store information about commercial real estate with the aim of effectively managing the technical condition of the facilities. The prerequisites for creating a geographic information database was the need to manage the technical condition of commercial real estate of large companies on the basis of an outsourced agreement. The reference-geographic information system of commercial objects can be used for effective management, data processing and optimization of applications.
Keywords: geographic information systems; commercial real estate; technical exploitation; energy efficiency
This article presents a set of measures for the reconstruction of the local space of apartment buildings in the framework of the program "Formation of the modern urban environment of the city of Rostov-on-don". The stages and criteria for assessing the local area for the inclusion of the yard area in the improvement project are also considered. A systematic approach to the reconstruction of the local area on the example of an apartment building located in the city is shown. Rostov-on-don, the list of works on improvement of the yard territories allowing to receive the multipurpose modern environment adapted for different layers of the population is allocated, and also the example of implementation of the program which shows how its execution allows to improve the sanitary and esthetic condition of house adjoining territories in the city of Rostov-on-don, and also to create comfortable conditions of stay of citizens
Keywords: house territory, yard, landscaping, reconstruction, landscaping, quality of the urban environment
The article presents a comparison of the main programs used in Russia to calculate the cost of construction. Statistics of the most popular estimated programs are given. A brief comparative analysis of the capabilities of the two programs, Grand Smeta and Smeta.ru, is presented. Based on the analysis, recommendations are given for choosing an effective settlement package for creating design estimates.
Keywords: estimate, construction, estimate programs, program complex, estimate calculations
This article raised the problem of the rapid pace of urban development and the conditions for comfortable living of the urban population. To solve these problems, the concept of “Smart City” was created. "Smart City" is a system that provides a high level of urban life, increasing the profitability of resource use by combining all the services and information systems of the city. The main elements of this concept and their role in the program are shown. There are ways to solve problems due to the implementation of the Smart City program. The question of the need for the growth of smart cities, and also shows the reasons for the long development of cities in this direction. The main ideas of the implementation of the "Smart City" program are described. The basic strategies for the development of "smart" cities in Russia are given.
Keywords: smart city concept, intelligent urban environment, infrastructure, urbanization, geographic information system, intelligent transport system, integrated sensors, security, automated building management system, digital technologies
The article analyzes the problems and prospects for the development of green technologies and green construction in Russia and the world as as well. The author provides us the information about the outstanding examples of green buildings in the world. The dynamics of construction of green buildings for the period from 2000 to 2018 has been revealed in the article. It is also presented the advantages of introducing green technologies in the construction of buildings with respect to all participants in the construction process. By opinion of the author the important role in the part of stimulating the development of green construction plays the state, legislative initiatives. Factors restraining the growth of eco-sustainable construction in our country are revealed
Keywords: green technology, ecological construction, sustainable development, green building, resource saving, green standards, energy efficiency
The paper proposes to perform quality control of the production work on the consolidation of soil foundation with the use of the method. Application of geo-radiolocation sensing allows to specify and complement the results of engineering and geological surveys, as well as capture the changes taking place in the grounds of foundations after work on fixing them. This will provide a comprehensive picture of the grouting in the underlying foundation of the building and provide a reliable and simple quality control work.
Keywords: Geophysical methods,monitoring of the geological environment, landslide hazard.
The article shows how preservation of capital construction, the basic problems of conservation and technical survey of capital construction.
Keywords: Conservation of capital construction, technical survey